Rural women’s role in agricultural and allied activities: A study of kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh

In the history of human development, woman has been as important as man. In fact, the status, employment and work performed by women in society are the indicator of a nation’s overall progress. Without the participation of women in national activities, the social, economical or political progress of a country will be stagnated. Agriculture is the predominant source of livelihood for almost 60% of the population-both at the National level and at the State level and also Agriculture can be an important engine of growth and poverty reduction. Women are farmers, workers and entrepreneurs, but almost everywhere they face more severe constraints than men in accessing productive resources, markets and services. The present study explores women’s role in Agriculture and agricultural allied activities of Kadapa. Andhra Pradesh is the one of state in South India. The state spread over two geographical regions, namely Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema. The Rayalaseema Region consisting the districts of Chittoor, Kadapa, Anantapur and Kurnool. In Kadapa district, as per 2011 census, 66.03 % population of Kadapa district lives in rural areas of villages. The total Kadapa district population living in rural areas is 1,903,337 of which males and females are 959,693 and 943,644 respectively. In rural areas of Kadapa district, sex ratio is 983 females per 1000 males. Gender wise, male and female literacy stood at 74.72 and 51.49 percent respectively. In total, 1,062,356 people were literate of which males and females were 630,940 and 431,416 respectively. Dairying is an occupation that supports the livelihoods of many women, especially the rural poor in Kadapa. Livestock plays an important role in supporting women and in improving their financial situation and women are heavily engaged in the sector. Dairying provides regular cash income for the household, which is used especially on food and education of children. Dairy farming plays significant role in sustaining the rural livelihoods, although the phenomenon of farmer’s suicides, migration, malnutrition /ill health are widely prevalent in rural Kadapa district.

Swarna Pragathi, M. and Dr. Anitha, M.
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