Trends of urbanization in India: Issues and challenges in the 21st century

The Globalization has great impact on the country like India, which increases the economic growth of the country, and because of this, we are seeing a growing urbanized India. Historically, India’s population has been predominantly rural, but since the year 1991 the urban population was increasing, and today it stands about more than 30% of the total population of the country. Although, urbanization in India has been underpinned by the rapid growth in the economy especially from the last decade of the 20th Century, and there is transformation from rural economy, based on agriculture and its allied activities to the modern economy related to industrial activities. However, as India’s urbanization process is increasing we are seeing its negative impacts on the urban areas, by way of lack of basic facilities like infrastructure, drinking water, housing, transport etc. Thus, this article tries to present the urbanization taking place in India, and also gives particular attention to the emerging issues and challenges, associated with the urbanization process in India and some suggestions to overcome it.

Author: 
Dr. Sadashivam, T. and Dr. Shahla Tabassu
Volume No: 
03
Issue No: 
05
Year: 
2016
Paper Number: 
1142
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Editorial Board

David Johnson
Jessica Parker
Sarah Conor
John Franklin