Kidney Donation And Ethics

Background: Living donation presents a unique ethical dilemma. Risking the life of a healthy person to save or improve someone else’s life generates lots of debate. Besides, patient’s need for a kidney versus someone else’s despairs for money has led to create a black market for trading human organs in many developing countries were the law is in loose. There are lots of controversies regarding the outcome of these donors and whether their quality of life has affected post surgery. Objectives: The aim of this study isto identify thephysical, psychological and financial outcome of live non-related kidney donors in Suliamani province, Kurdistan region/ Iraq. Methods: a retrospective study looked in to 71 live non-related kidney donors in Suliamani province –Kurdistan region/ Iraq all whom donated their kidney from April 2006 to April 2014. A questionnaire was made and all were interviewed either by phone calls or face to face. Results: Majority of living non-related donors had no major complication from the surgery. Most had no regular follow up since after the operation. Majority of them admitted selling their kidney for a variety of reasons. Almost half of them claimed their quality of life is worse than before the donation and about three quarters of them regrets selling their kidney. Conclusion: donating a kidney although seemed to be a safe procedure but didn’t improve the quality of life of these donors. Many of them regret selling their kidneys and continued to remain under an economic deadlock due to continuous expenses needed for living.

Dr. Dana Ahmed Sharif
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