Environmental concerns at global level and requisite orientation in knowledge and technology sector

The lack of internalization of environmental cost at all levels, be it at individual, societal, national or at global level in the production processes has led to unsustainable development. Increasing concerns about climate change brought the nations together in Rio Earth Summit in 1992. This land mark summit took place under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This gave way to culmination of Kyoto protocol in December 1997 with the aim of reducing green house gases. Since then, under 21 Conference of Parties, the agreement has been taken forward but concrete consensus on cooperative intervention has not crystallized in these agreements since Kyoto Protocol. The 2014 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) has ranked 178 countries in total. Among them, India is placed at the 155th position, with an index score of 31.23 points which is quite disturbing. Its rank is also much lower than BRICS peers. All these indicators and efforts are indicative of definite shifts required in the development strategy. In the next 25 -30 years the wheels of change can be expected to lead to increased use of renewable sources for meeting global energy requirements. How these technological shifts are likely to impact the nations and bring changes at global level is the subject of interest and query in this paper. This paper used an exploratory orientation to emphasize that each nation needs a unique combination in terms of technology adoption and adaptation to produce goods and services, keeping in view diversity of resources each region is bestowed with, and thereby maintain the native ecosystems of the region. Identification and maintenance of that unique mix of technology with natural resource base can be better looked into with spiritual ecological orientation and developing this orientation should be the objective of education policy.

Dr.Pratibha Rai and Ms. Saumya Shukla
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Int J Inf Res Rev
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