Growth and instability of gram in vidharbha region

Gram is the most important pulses crop in the world. However India The world’s major producers of pulses crop. India is the world leader in chickpea (Bengal gram) production, and produces approximately ten times as much as second largest producer Australia. Other key producer are Pakistan, Turkey, Myanmar, Ethiopia and Iran. The present study based on the last 30 year time series data on area, production and productivity to identify the trend. The compound growth rate and coefficient of variation here analysed for period I, period II and overall 30 years for Vidharbha region. The study indicate that compound growth rate for area, production and productivity for almost all the district where positive, except Bhandara district. The highest area of gram is observed in Yawatmal district followed by Amravati and Buldhana district. i.e 16.75, 13.51 and 13.19.per cent per annum respectively, during the last 30 years i.e. overall production found to be statistically significant at 1 per cent level of probability with the highest coefficient of variation is observed in Yawatmal district followed by Amravati and Buldhana i.e. 82.17, 55.03 and 54.73 per cent respectively. The production and productivity instability in selected pulses crop were observed in almost the entire district in the Vidharbha. The coefficient of variation for almost all the district were less in period I as compared to period II. The similar pattern also observed in production. On the other hand the growth rate of productivity for the gram was positive for almost all the district and both the period except Bhandara in period I. Highest compound growth rate for productivity during the overall period was observed in Amravati followed by Akola, Buldhana i.e.7.94, 6.05, 5.53, respectively. The coefficient of variation range between 22.68 to 47.42 per cent. Thus it is concluded that gram is ascent during the study period. Considering the importance of gram as a low input and less water requirement crop. It is recommended option for the farmer in operating in any environment where other crop not performing well. In the developing and developed economies. It is need to concentrate on the crop specially to cultivate under marginal and stress prone areas to attend the sustainability.

Author: 
Shingne, S. P., Shende, N. V., Rathod, S. A., Panajwar, A. V. and Gandhre, A. P.
Journal Name: 
Int J Inf Res Rev
Volume No: 
04
Issue No: 
05
Year: 
2017
Paper Number: 
2045
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