The present study on “An overview on ethno-medicinal properties of some aboriginal foods of Assam” was undertaken with the objectives of documentation of the ethno-botanical foods with therapeutic benefits. For the documentation of ethno-medicinal information, a secondary survey was conducted to collect the information on medicinal plants of Assam. A household survey was also conducted using a standard questionnaire. From the survey, information on 50 numbers of medicinal plants was collected. Out of these 50 medicinal plants, ten medicinal plants were selected for documentation and studied for their therapeutic benefits and nutritive content.