Reproduction is a basic function of human being. Abortion is one of the highly debated issues and also highly controversial in our country. It is the expulsion or extraction from its mother of an embryo or fetus weighing 500 gm or less when it is not capable of independent survival. In hospitals around 20 abortion cases found every month and the need for a study related to abortion would be helpful to rule out the causes related to it. A retrospective approach with descriptive research design was adopted for the study. The study sample comprises of all the women who underwent abortion during the time period of January to April 2013 at hospitals in puducherry of 45 women’s using purposive sampling technique. Hence the total prevalence of abortion was found to be 4%. Out of 45 sample 13(29%) women underwent spontaneous abortion, 16(36%) underwent missed abortion,6(13%) women underwent complete abortion, 5(11%) women underwent incomplete and septic abortion respectively. 25(55.5%) were with contributing factors of gestational diabetes mellitus, 11(24.4%) were with anemia, 10(22.2%) were with pregnancy induced hypertension.